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Table 2 Summary of printer technologies, average cost, print time, post-processing time, print layer thickness and available materials for printing one side of the anterior circulation, similar to as shown in Fig. 2b

From: Intracranial vasculature 3D printing: review of techniques and manufacturing processes to inform clinical practice

Printer Cost Print Time (hr:min) Post process Time (min) Print Layer (mm) Material for calculated cost Other materials Details
Material extrusion (FDM): Ultimaker $26.98 42:39 24 Hours 0.06 Tough PLA and PVA ABS, CPE, TPU, PVA, Nylon, PETG, Ryno, PET, HIPS Dual material printer. Values given for highest resolution setting
Material extrusion (FDM): Prusa $32.66 29:40 24 Hours 0.15 Tough PLA and PVA ABS, CPE, TPU, PVA, Nylon, PETG, Ryno, PET, HIPS May use four colors and a support. Values given for highest resolution setting
Vat polymerization (DLP): Newpro $10.11 2:57 6 Hours 0.1 RG35 Veriguide OS, and Red Elastic Single material printer
Vat polymerization (SLA): Formlabs $7.52 15:52 6 h 0.05 Clear White, Flexible, Elastic, Dental SG, Surgical guide, Denture LP, OP, RP, DP, Denture A1, A2, A3, A3.5, B1, B2 Single material cartridge
Powder bed fusion (SLS): HP $80.00 7:57 45 Minutes 0.08 Nylon12, CYMK agents, fusing agent, detailing agent, and brightening agent   Uses all elements to color and strengthen the parts
Material jetting: Objet $ 88.95 10:00 24 Hours 0.3 Vero Whiteplus and support 705 Vero Clear, Vero Agilus, Vero Cyan, Vero Magenta, Vero Yellow May use three colors and a support
Binder jetting: Projet $41.16 3:03 5 Hours 0.1 CYMK Agents, Core (Gypsum Powder), cleaning Cyanoacrylate Uses all elements to color and strengthen the part
  1. FDM Fused deposition modeling, DLP Digital light processing, SLA Stereolithography, SLS Selective Laser Sintering, PLA Polysctic acid, ABS Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, PVA Polyvinyl alcohol, PETG Glycolized polyester, PET Polyethylene terephthalate, CPE Co-polyester, TPU Thermoplastic polyurethane, HIPS High impact polystyrene